• Notification Date: 15-07-2023
  • Notification No: N/A

28% GST on Online Gaming to yield Rs 20,000 Crore Annually

The exchequer would get an estimated additional revenue of Rs 20,000 crore annually following the decision of the GST Council to levy 28 per cent tax on full bet value on online gaming, said Revenue Secretary Sanjay Malhotra on Thursday. The GST Council has unanimously decided to impose 28 per cent tax on online gaming, casino and horse racing etc, he said adding that the government will pursue all cases in the Supreme Court for recovery of erstwhile tax demands. 

He said the online gaming industry is currently paying only 2-3 per cent GST which is even less than 5 per cent tax applicable on food items consumed by a common man. 
"One of the members, in fact, in the GST Council pointed out that the way the online gaming companies are paying the taxes on online games at 18 per cent of GGR, which works out to only about 2-3 per cent, even lower than the tax rate of 5 percent levied on many of the food products consumed by the very common people," Malhotra told PTI in an interview. 
The exchequer last year (FY2022-23) collected only Rs 1,700 crore GST which could have been Rs 15,000-20,000 crore had the tax been levied on the full value. 

"But this (tax by online gaming companies) is on a much lower rate which the online gaming companies are paying. Our estimate is that it should be at least about 8 to 10 times this amount. So, if that is true, it should be about Rs 15,000 to 20,000 crore annually, provided the volumes also sustain," he said. 

These companies took refuge under the differentiation of game of skill and chance and paid 18 per cent GST on only platform fees or Gross Gaming Revenue (GGR). 
The council earlier this week clarified that GST should be paid at 28 per cent on the full-face value of bets. 

He further said that wherever there is tax avoidance or evasion those aspects will certainly be looked into, and those taxes will be recovered, he asserted. 
"As you may be aware we are also going to challenge the decision of the High Court in the Supreme Court. So, our decision to collect taxes at higher rates will of course also depend on the outcome of the judgement in the Supreme Court. Unless and until we have a judgement in our favour, we will not be able to recover the taxes at the higher rates," he said. 

On the possibility of review following concerns expressed by the online gaming industry, Malhotra said, "The council was very unanimous. It has taken this decision after due deliberation. It has taken this decision after consultations with the industry. There was long consultation as you are aware that this decision has been pending for the last two to three years." 

Whether this decision will be reviewed, he said, "The decision has just been taken. I really do not think. Of course, it is for the council to decide. I really doubt (it) because this decision has been unanimous, and the decision has been taken as I mentioned after due consultation and deliberation. So, I don't think there is any chance of a review as early as this."